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Adjectives and Adverbs in Swedish



What is an Adjective and what is an Adverb?

This lesson gives You an introduction to the difference between adjectives and adverbs in Swedish. Some basic knowledge of grammar and Swedish vocabulary is required in order to do the exercises. Our lesson is concentrated on the problem of deciding whether a specific word is an adjective or an adverb.

In Swedish, there are two types of gender, non-neuter and neuter. Each noun is either non-neuter or neuter, and when an adjective modifies a noun it takes the same gender type as the noun. For example, ett lejon (a lion) belongs to the gender neuter, and in the phrase ett argt lejon (an angry lion) the adjective argt is neuter, since it modifies lejon. Adjectives can modify nouns and they may also function as complements of the subject. For example, in the sentence Kalle är rädd (Kalle is afraid), the adjective rädd functions as complement.

Adverbs, on the other hand, are indeclinable. This means that they are unaffected by inflection. Adverbs are normally derived from the adjective form by adding -t. This is comparable to how adverbs are derived from adjectives in English, by adding -ly. For example, arg (angry) is an adjective and argt (angrily) is an adverb. Adverbs modify adjectives, verbs and other adverbs, and they function as adverbials. Sometimes it can be hard to separate an adjective modifying a noun in neuter from its corresponding adverb. For example, in the phrases ett argt lejon (an angry lion) and ett lejon ryter argt (a lion roars angrily), the Swedish adjective and adverb forms are identical.

When learning Swedish, we consider it necessary to be able to create the correct adjective and adverb in different situations. On top of that, it is also important to understand the grammatical difference between adjectives and adverbs. Our exercises give You the opportunity to practise and improve Your skills in this particular area. Good luck!


The Adjective "arg"

These are examples of how an adjective can modify a noun.

number
gender
species
example
sing
non-neuter
indef
en arg tiger
sing
non-neuter
def
den arga tigern
sing
neuter
indef
ett argt lejon
sing
neuter
def
det arga lejonet
plur
non-neuter
indef
arga tigrar
plur
non-neuter
def
de arga tigrarna
plur
neuter
indef
arga lejon
plur
neuter
def
de arga lejonen


The Adverb "argt"

These are examples of how an adverb can modify a verb.

number
gender
species
example
sing
non-neuter
indef
en tiger ryter argt
sing
non-neuter
def
den tigern ryter argt
sing
neuter
indef
ett lejon ryter argt
sing
neuter
def
det lejonet ryter argt
plur
non-neuter
indef
tigrar ryter argt
plur
non-neuter
def
de tigrarna ryter argt
plur
neuter
indef
lejon ryter argt
plur
neuter
def
de lejonen ryter argt


Kalle och lejonet i djurparken

Goal: to introduce some new Swedish words and to illustrate in what positions adjectives and adverbs occur in a text.

En dag besöker Kalle och hans mamma djurparken.
Kalle går direkt till det otroligt farliga lejonets bur.
I buren finns också en tiger.
Kalle frågar mamma om det är säkert att djuren inte rymmer.
Ja, svarar mamma bestämt.
Lejonets bur är säker.
Det stora gula lejonet ryter argt.
En liten flicka börjar gråta tyst.
Men Kalle är inte rädd.
Plötsligt märker Kalle att dörren inte är ordentligt stängd.
Kalle springer mycket snabbt till buren och stänger dörren.
Nu är det säkert att djuren inte rymmer.
Kalle blir hjälte.


Kalle and the Lion at the Zoo

Goal: to give a translation of the Swedish text.

One day Kalle and his mother visit the zoo.
Kalle walks straight to the incredibly dangerous lion's cage.
In the cage, there is also a tiger.
Kalle asks his mother if it is certain that the animals don't escape.
Yes, his mother answers resolutely.
The lion's cage is safe.
The big yellow lion roars angrily.
A little girl starts crying quietly.
But Kalle is not afraid.
Suddenly, Kalle notices that the door isn't properly closed.
Kalle runs very fast to the cage and closes the door.
Now, it is certain that the animals don't escape.
Kalle becomes a hero.


Dictionary

Goal: to translate and classify the adjectives and adverbs in the text.

English word
adjective
adverb
afraid
rädd
-
angrily
-
argt
big
stor
-
closed
stängd
-
dangerous
farlig
-
fast
-
snabbt
incredibly
-
otroligt
little
liten
-
properly
-
ordentligt
quietly
-
tyst
resolutely
-
bestämt
safe
säker
-
very
-
mycket
yellow
gul
-


Exercise 1: Adjectives

Goal: to practice different forms of adjectives as modifiers.
Complete the sentences by filling the gaps with forms of the adjective "farlig" .

  1. Teo är en tiger.
  2. Leo är ett lejon.
  3. Det lejonet springer snabbt.
  4. Fem lejon ryter argt.


Exercise 2: Adverbs

Goal: to translate English adverbs into Swedish.
Complete the sentences by filling the gaps with adverbs.

  1. Kalle springer . (fast)
  2. Ett lejon ryter . (angrily)
  3. En stor tiger rymmer. (very)
  4. Mamma svarar Kalle . (resolutely)


Exercise 3: Adjective or Adverb?

Goal: to separate adjectives from adverbs.
Decide whether the word written in bold is an adjective or an adverb.

  1. En liten tiger rymmer. adj adv (1)
  2. Kalle börjar gråta tyst. adj adv (2)
  3. Kalle går snabbt till lejonets bur. adj adv (3)
  4. Det gula lejonet ryter. adj adv (4)
  5. I buren finns också en farlig tiger. adj adv (5)
  6. En flicka är rädd. adj adv (6)


Exercise 4: Adjective or Adverb?

Goal: to separate adjectives from adverbs.
Decide whether the words written in bold are adjectives or adverbs.

  1. Det stora gula lejonet rymmer. adj+adj adv+adj (1)
  2. En tiger ryter mycket argt. adv+adj adv+adv (2)
  3. Kalle blir mycket arg. adv+adv adv+adj (3)
  4. En flicka börjar gråta mycket tyst. adv+adv adj+adv (4)
  5. Kalle går snabbt till den farliga tigerns bur. adv+adj adv+adv (5)
  6. Buren är säker om dörren är stängd. adv+adj adj+adj (6)
  7. Ett stort farligt lejon ryter. adv+adv adj+adj (7)
  8. En tiger springer otroligt snabbt. adv+adv adv+adj (8)
  9. Lejonets bur är ordentligt stängd. adj+adj adv+adj (9)
  10. En liten flicka går till den stora djurparken. adj+adj adv+adj (10)


Two Final Questions

Goal: to test Your new skills.
Decide whether the words written in bold are adjectives or adverbs.

  1. Ett otroligt farligt lejon ryter argt. adv+adv+adv adv+adj+adj adv+adj+adv
  2. Buren är säker om dörren är ordentligt stängd. adv+adj+adj adj+adv+adj adj+adj+adv



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